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Why doesn’t a herd of deer attack tigers even though they heavily outnumber tigers?

A large group of deer might be able to overpower a tiger but they would suffer very heavy casualties in the process.

If they don’t attach the tiger, it will only catch one deer (and then only if luck is on its side).

Sσ for the deer, it’s a choice between attack and suffering many losses, or flee and maybe suffer one loss.

Because the objective is to stay alive, not defeat the tiger. If they run they may lose a single member, if they fight they might win ( rarest of possibilities) but lose a lot of herd members.

Evolution has taught everyone over generations what is the optimum solution in all situations. Usually, that’s how animals behave. In this case, the best possible scenario is to run away, sσ they run away…

Tigers stalk & ambush thier prey rather than chase them down (as cheetahs) or coordinated assault (like a pride of lions).

Tigers rely on the element of surprise to bring down prey. Tigers live in jungles. This gives them plenty of covers to allow stalking. If you have ever been on an elephant back safari to the jungles you will know how hard it is to spot a tiger. Their characteristic marking bodes well in hiding tigers in the tall elephant grass and the underbrush of the jungle.

That’s why it’s said that one should never turn your back towards a tiger or any big cat. They instinctively start stalking you when you aren’t looking. Even kittens do the same thing when playing.

For the prey animals to gang up and collectively charge a tiger is illogical. Unlike the Savanah Plains the heard size isn’t big enough sσ as to overwhelm a tiger. Hence being extremely timid, having lookouts, and escaping at the first sign of danger is a better survival strategy.